Can talking to your toddler about holistic health develop better language skills and predict less anger by preschool age? Check out a new study from the Society for Research in Child Development. Toddlers with more developed language skills are better able to manage frustration and less likely to express anger by the time they’re in preschool.
That’s the conclusion of a new longitudinal study from researchers at the Pennsylvania State University that appears in the journal Child Development. Children of preschool age can learn to talk about the various holistic health practices, such as stretching, relaxing, and meditating as one way to develop increased language skills.
Holistic health is just one interest kids can learn to develop and ask questions about specific practices. Music that’s therapeutic is another outlet as is art and discussions about feelings. And music listening can have health benefits for children such as relaxation and calming influences or the enhancement of soothing environments. See, Ronna Kaplan, M.A.: Music Therapy in Early Childhood Classrooms.
The article notes how music therapy, a form of holistic health practice, in a preschool class for children who are “at-risk” focused on math standards such as counting with 1:1 correspondence, determining “how many” objects in a set, and identifying and naming numerals, all through singing simple number songs, clapping and playing instruments. Teachers reported that almost all the students improved in these cognitive skills and used the songs and rhymes throughout their day.
In another class for children who are “at-risk,” the theme was identifying and appropriately expressing emotions. A music therapist can show preschoolers pictures of individual children, each depicting a particular emotion — happy, angry, excited, sad, and scared. Language skills can be practiced by role-playing or discussion about what faces and bodies do when showing each of these feelings.
Language can be practiced as a music therapist asks for examples of what made children feel certain ways. Kids learn language by giving varied answers. Music therapy asks how does a preschooler feel?
In the new study, as described in the December 23, 2012 news release, Toddlers’ language skills predict less anger by preschool, the principal investigator explained, “This is the first longitudinal evidence of early language abilities predicting later aspects of anger regulation,” according to Pamela M. Cole, liberal arts research professor of psychology and human development and family studies at Pennsylvania State University, who was the principal investigator of the study.
Language skill practice can help preschoolers develop more self control when among other kids or adults in a classroom or in public
Angry outbursts like temper tantrums are common among toddlers, but by the time children enter school, they’re expected to have more self-control. To help them acquire this skill, they’re taught to use language skills like “using your words.” This study sought to determine whether developing language skills relates to developing anger control. Does developing language ability reduce anger between ages 2 and 4?
Researchers looked at 120 predominantly White children from families above poverty but below middle income from the time they were 18 months to 48 months. Through home and lab visits, they measured children’s language and their ability to cope with tasks that might elicit frustration. In one lab-based task, children were asked to wait 8 minutes before opening a gift while their moms finished “work” (a series of questions about how the child usually coped with waiting).
Children’s anger and regulatory strategies were observed during the 8-minute wait. Among the strategies the children used were seeking support (“Mom, are you done yet?” or “I wonder what it is?”) and distracting themselves from the gift (making up a story or counting aloud).
Children who had better language skills as toddlers and whose language developed more quickly expressed less anger at age 4 than their peers whose toddler language skills weren’t as good. Children whose language developed more quickly were more likely to calmly seek their mother’s support while waiting when they were 3, which in turn predicted less anger at 4. Children whose language developed more quickly also were better able to occupy themselves when they were 4, which in turn helped them tolerate the wait.
“Better language skills may help children verbalize rather than use emotions to convey needs and use their imaginations to occupy themselves while enduring a frustrating wait,” according to Cole. as explained in the December 23, 2012 news release, “Toddlers’ language skills predict less anger by preschool.”