The Salmonella Bredeney outbreak that first made its appearance in September when several people were infected after eating a Trader Joe’s Peanut Butter brand appears to be over, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) outbreak update Nov. 30.
The final number of cases in this outbreak stands at 42 cases in 20 states. There were no reported fatalities linked to this outbreak, although a quarter of the cases required hospitalization for their illness.
Six out of 10 cases were reported in children under the age of 10 years.
The final case count by state is as follows:
Arizona (1), California (7), Connecticut (3), Illinois (1), Louisiana (1), Massachusetts (3), Maryland (1), Michigan (1), Minnesota (1), Missouri (2), New Jersey (2), New Mexico (1), New York (2), Nevada (1), North Carolina (3), Pennsylvania (2), Rhode Island (1), Texas (5), Virginia (2) and West Virginia (2).
The recalls of Sunland peanut products began on Sept. 22 with Trader Joe’s voluntarily recalling its Creamy Salted Valencia Peanut Butter and removing the product from all store shelves.
This was followed in quick succession by recalls of over 300 peanut-related products linked to the Portales, New Mexico company. Sunland, Inc.
Health officials say that although the outbreak appears over, many of these products have a long shelf-life, and they may still be in peoples’ homes. Consumers unaware of the recall could continue to eat these products and potentially get sick.
After a month-long U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) inspection of Sunland’s Portales plant, federal authorities suspended Sunland, Inc.’s food facility registration last Monday, prohibiting Sunland, Inc. from introducing food into interstate or intrastate commerce.
FDA will reinstate Sunland, Inc.’s registration only when FDA determines that the company has implemented procedures to produce safe products.
Every year, approximately 42,000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States. Because many milder cases are not diagnosed or reported, the actual number of infections may be twenty-nine or more times greater, according to the CDC.
Children are the most likely to get salmonellosis. The rate of diagnosed infections in children less than five years old is higher than the rate in all other persons. Young children, the elderly, and the immunocompromised are the most likely to have severe infections. It is estimated that approximately 400 persons die each year with acute salmonellosis.
Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment. However, in some persons, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites and can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics. The elderly, infants, and those with impaired immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.
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